THE PERIODONTIUM is the supporting tissue structure of a tooth. It includes the bone, ligaments and the gingiva (gums). Periodontal disease is a bacterial inflammation of the bone supporting one or more teeth. Today, it is considered to be among the principal causes of tooth loss. The stages of periodontal disease are divided into two main conditions: gingivitis and periodontitis.
GINGIVITIS is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes redness, bleeding and gum swelling. At this phase of the disease, subjective disturbances may or may not be present. Gingivitis is commonly caused by inadequate oral hygiene. It can be treated by regular professional calculus removal and tooth polishing, conducted by a doctor of dental medicine. Changing the patient’s oral health habits is crucial for successful treatment.