A tooth implant is fitted into the bone, and a dental implant suprastructure is built to replace the missing tooth. The advantage of this method is that there is no need to drill into any of the surrounding teeth.
Some indications for treatment:
- One missing tooth
- A toothless upper or lower jaw
- Partial loss of teeth
A dental implant is a tooth substitute made of alloplastic material, implanted in the bone, that carries the prosthetic suprastructure. Contraindications for the procedure are poor oral hygiene and an insufficient amount of bone tissue. Perfect oral hygiene and regular check-ups are of utmost importance for this prosthetic and implant dentistry procedure to work, since the accumulation of plaque around the implant causes the development of peri-implantitis, which can result in the disintegration and early loss of the implant.
The implant is placed during oral surgery, while the patient is under local anesthesia. In the case of single-stage implants, the implant margin will be visible through the opening in the gingiva, while in the case of two-stage implants, the margin is covered by the gingiva. The patient receives a temporary substitute until the next phase of the procedure. The prosthetic rehabilitation continues after osseointegration finishes, which takes 3-4 months for the lower and 6 months for the upper jaw. Then the patient returns to the practice, and the surgeon places the secondary parts of the implant onto the existing implant (for example, healing caps). After that, dental impressions are taken and the prosthetic suprastructure is made in a dental laboratory.
The most commonly used implants are made from titanium or titanium alloy, and are the best choice considering their mechanical traits, biocompatibility, and their ability of creating a chemical-mechanical connection to the surrounding tissue (osseointegration).